Sansad Bhavan

Quick Facts

Location Next to the Secretariat buildings at the end of Parliament Street (Sansad Marg)
AdmissionFee Free
Photographycharges Nil
NearestRailwayStation New Delhi Railway Station
NearestMetroStation Central Secretariat
FunctionalMetroStation Central Secretariat
NearestInternationalAirport Indira Gandhi International Airport

About Sansad Bhawan

Located at the end of the Parliament Street, the Parliament House is a massive circular structure. Representatives of the largest democracy in the world assemble here to decide the fate of over a billion people of the country. Measuring 570 feet in diameter, the single storeyed building stands 75 feet tall. It was originally planned to be an extension of Viceroy's House (Rashtrapati Bhavan) but later it was designated as the Parliament House or Legislative Assembly of India in 1919 after the Montague-Chelmsford reforms. Parliament House is also known as Sansad Bhawan.

The foundation stone of the building was laid on 12th February 1921. The building was designed by Herbert Baker, the Duke of Connaught. Originally, the domed central hall and the three semi circular structures were designed to accommodate the Princes’ chamber, the Legislative Assembly and the Council of State. Lady and Lord Irwin inaugurated the building in 1927. Galleries attach the Chambers of the Lok Sabha (Lower House of Parliament), the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of Parliament) and the Parliament library. A circular corridor surrounds the three semi circular chambers. The whole building is given a grand and royal look by the 144 imposing pillars present in the corridor. Beautiful gardens, lush lawns, attractive fountain and waterways surrounding the building further charm and royalty of this 'Temple of Democracy.'

Parliament House plays a vital role in the history of democratic India. The transfer of power took place at the midnight of 14th August, 1947 in the central hall of the Parliament House. India got free from British rule and became a democratic country that day. The Parliament House symbolises democracy.

At present, the Lok Sabha has 550 seats. Out of which, 530 members are elected representatives of the Indian states while the remaining 20 members represent Union Territories governed by the Central or federal government. There are 250 members in Rajya Sabha. 238 of these represent Indian states and Union Territories and 12 members are nominated. They are nominated on the basis of eminence in the fields of literature, sciences, arts etc.

Nearby Tourist Attractions

  • India Gate
  • Rashtrapati Bhavan
  • Jantar Mantar
  • Gurudwara Bangla Sahib and Hanuman Mandir

How to Reach Sansad Bhawan

Located near Connaught Place or CP, this monument can be reached easily by buses. Tourists can also hire auto-rickshaws and taxis or use metro rail to reach the monument that is located in the heart of the city.


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