Other Monuments

Delhi, the capital city of India, was once known as the Indraprastha city which was popular during first millennium BC. In later periods, this city got its origin through Tomar Rajputs building Lal Kot, known as the first of seven cities forming the present city of Delhi. This was also the capital city for a few dynasties.

Delhi’s heritage is very impressive, where Khiljis, Tughlaqs and Mughals had their dynasties established. During different periods, a number to architectural edifices were raised at Delhi, which is standing as great monuments today. Tomar rulers created the first city Lal Kot in 11th century, later King Vigraharaja IV belonging to Circa 1153-64 AD developed it more. Qutbuddin Aibak was the first Sultan of Delhi in 1206 AD who laid the foundation for the tallest Stone tower - Qutub Minar in Mehrauli. Many small cities grew over a period which is grouped together as the great city of Delhi. Siri Fort was created by Alaud-Din Khilji, Tuglaqabad was established by Ghiysud-Din Tughlaq and Firozabad was built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq.

Great pieces of art and the monumental form of architecture were actually brought by Turks who invaded India. Turks were basically passionate with architecture. These newcomers to India were also keen in learning the art and culture of India, ultimately contributing to Indo Islamic style of Architecture developed over a period of time. With this blended architectural form, which was neither Islamic nor Indian, Indian craftsmen worked with the direction of Turks. In this manner, the Turks borrowed ideas from the Jain temple architecture, but giving them Islamic themes and built many mosques. In some places, Hindu temple complexes were also converted to Islamic mosques with smooth changeovers without disturbing the architectural norms of construction.

Historians have observed that the history of India is in fact the History of Delhi. New Delhi with its strategic position and being the head-quarters of many dynasties, belonged to both and Hindu and Mughal emperors. Even those who came later like British Kingdom chose Delhi as their Head quarters and because of this very reason, Delhi predominantly displayed the cultural values of the country.

Government of India, in all its earnestness, maintains all these relics of the past in such a presentable manner without disturbing their heritage value.


Do you think Delhi is the most developing Capital in the world?